Localización Geográfica





Geodetic reference system:
Geodetic referece areas include levelling benchmarks, permanent satellite observation stations, tide gauges, arker id, access information, coordinates and system for definition and transformation data of the reference system.
All users of GIS-data need geodetic reference data to be in place. National Mapping agencies are commonly in charge of establishement and setup of the geodetic reference systems.

Geographical grids:
Geographical grids is an agreed, defined and harmonised grid net for standardised location and size of grid cells.

The grid is used to refer certain environmental and social qualities of the grid cells. Different resolutions, example of cell sizes could be 10x10 m, 100x100 m, 1x1 km, 16x16 km.
Such data is used for reference of a long range of environmental and sector information. It allows for spatial analysis in time-series of statistics without the burden of changes in statistical units as often is the case for administrative units. In many cases it is possible to handle fairly detailed information without compromising the individual rights of privacy.


Registration/ monitoring sites:
Monitoring sites are locations were monitoring of physical, biological or other aspects occurs. The monitoring sites may be permanently located at a site or can be temporal, only used once. Commonly monitoring sites are defined as points, but may also be large or small plots, transects, grid cells.
Many different conventions, directives and other agreements direct monitoring and the flow of monitoring information linked to the monitoring sites.

Geographical names

Used for search and overview, location at all layers and as a basis layer on maps. Important part of reference data. Important for effective operations at local level.


Principal | Localización Geográfica | Unidades Administrativas | Propiedad | Topografía | Ambiente Geofísico | Clima/Meteo | Hidrografía | Oceanos | Biodiversidad | Superficie Terrestres | Recursos Naturales | Transporte | Equipamientos | Infraestructuras | Economia | Legislación Territorial | Riesgos | Polución | Aspectos Sociales | Salud

 Copyright GISIMEDEA [e-mail].
Last Update : 17 de noviembre de 2006.