Inici: 30/03/2017 10:00 - Fi: 30/03/2017 11:00Lloc: Sala de Seminarios, IMEDEA
Speaker: Dr. Rui Caldeira
Seminar jointly organized by TMOOS and SOCIB
The Oceanic Observatory of Madeira (OOM) is a consortium of regional and national institutions founded in June 2013, which resulted from the implementation of the EU Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialization (RIS3). With a very poor scientific record in Marine Sciences and Technology, Madeira has been historically dependent on tourism and (governmental) services. However, in recent years, local authorities suddenly became ‘aware’ of the oceanic surroundings of this island system. In the first phase of the OOM project, historical data has been gathered in a web-based visualization platform in order to determine local competences as well as draw the questions that needed further scientific research and (more) data gathering. In a second phase (2016), local researchers laid out the scientific agenda for the upcoming years, which is now focused on the study of four main drivers: i) Biodiversity; ii) Fisheries and Mariculture; iii) Animal Telemetry iv) Meteo-oceanographic Modeling and Forecasting. Thirty newly contracted scientists and engineers coordinated by twenty local research fellows comprise the scientific staff (50) that are now active at the Observatory. Results show an inversion of the historical tendencies with an increase in scientific production as well as first interactions with industry and local stakeholders. As a result, local society is becoming more aware of the marine scientific jargon with OOM’s educational and outreach program. Several projects and funds with common objectives helped revitalized as well as overcome some of the current structural limitations. Cooperation with national and international institutions of reference have provided a ‘quantum leap’ in technology and data gathering techniques.
Rui Caldeira is a fellow researcher and co-founder of CIIMAR-Madeira. He completed his PhD at University of California, Los Angeles (USA) in 2002. Prior to that, he completed a B.Sc. and Master degrees at the University of Plymouth in the United Kingdom, on Ocean and Applied Marine Sciences. He had post-doctoral experiences at the University of New South Wales, in Australia (2003), and at the Instituto Superior Técnico of the Lisbon Technical University (2006). In 2009, he was hired as an FCT-researcher by CIIMAR and he is also a Professor of physical oceanography at ICBAS (U. Porto). Besides having several scientific articles published in the peer-reviewed literature as well as over 50 participations in international conferences, Rui’s main contribution focused on the study of boundary-layer geophysical flows, namely island-induced wakes. He is considered by some a world expert in this topic and is currently participating in several active projects in USA, France, Spain, and Brazil. Apart from being invited to coordinate the write-up of a book in the field, he is often consulted to review scientific journal articles and proposals from the National Science Foundation (USA) on this topic. Most recently, Rui was elected Director of the Oceanic Observatory of Madeira (OOM).
Effects of environmental variability and perturbations on seabirds population dynamics.
Inici: 30/03/2017 11:30 - Fi: 30/03/2017 12:30Lloc: Sala de Seminarios, IMEDEA
Speaker: Ana Payo-Payo
Natural populations are the product of a long history of coevolution of their constituents with the environment (May 2001). However, humans have deeply transformed the planet causing regional and global eﬀects and it is now clear that such changes are an important driving force on natural populations (Vitousek et al. 1997, Walther et al. 2002, Parmesan and Yohe 2003, Halpern et al. 2008). In this context, under current scenarios of global change, questions such as how populations will cope to future perturbation regimes have become especially popular. Particularly relevant in the context of ecological — and population — responses is the increased spatio-temporal heterogeneity through asymmetry in regional changes and increased frequency and intensity of extreme events (Walther et al. 2002, Schellnhuber 2006). The overarching aim of my thesis was to assess the role of environmental variability and specially of perturbations in the population dynamics of social vertebrates. For this to be meaningful, it was critical to assess population responses across broad scales of space (local-global) and time (9-30y). Specifically, we assess how different drivers such as density dependence, food availability, extreme weather conditions, poisoning, presence of predators influence survival, dispersal and colonization patterns of the Yellow-legged and Audouin's gull. It was fun doing it, let me tell you about it!