Detalles de la publicación.


Autor(es):Julien. Soubrier, Graham. Gower, Kefei. Chen, Stephen M. Richards, Bastien. Llamas, Kieren J. Mitchell, Simon Y.W. Ho, Pavel. Kosintsev, Michael S.Y. Lee, Gennady. Baryshnikov, Ruth. Bollongino, Pere. Bover, Joachim. Burger, David. Chivall, Evelyne. Crégut-Bonnoure, Jared E. Decker, Vladimir B. Doronichev, Katerina. Douka, Damien A. Fordham, Federica. Fontana, Carole. Fritz, Jan. Glimmerveen, Liubov V. Golovanova, Colin. Groves, Antonio. Guerreschi, Wolfgang. Haak, Tom. Higham, Emilia. Hofman-Kamińska, Alexander. Immel, Marie-Anne. Julien, Johannes. Krause, Oleksandra. Krotova, Frauke. Langbein, Greger. Larson, Adam. Rohrlach, Amelie. Scheu, Robert D. Schnabel, Jeremy F. Taylor, Małgorzata. Tokarska, Gilles. Tosello, Johannes van der. Plicht, Ayla van. Loenen, Jean-Denis. Vigne, Oliver. Wooley, Ludovic. Orlando, Rafał. Kowalczyk, Beth. Shapiro, Alan. Cooper
Título:Early cave art and ancient DNA record the origin of European bison
Revista:Nature Communications
JCR Impact Factor:12.124
Resumen:The two living species of bison (European and American) are among the few terrestrial megafauna to have
survived the late Pleistocene extinctions. Despite the extensive bovid fossil record in Eurasia, the evolu-
tionary history of the European bison (or wisent, Bison bonasus) before the Holocene (o11.7 thousand years
ago (kya)) remains a mystery. We use complete ancient mitochondrial genomes and genome-wide nuclear
DNA surveys to reveal that the wisent is the product of hybridization between the extinct steppe bison
(Bison priscus) and ancestors of modern cattle (aurochs, Bos primigenius) before 120 kya, and contains up to
10% aurochs genomic ancestry. Although undetected within the fossil record, ancestors of the wisent have
alternated ecological dominance with steppe bison in association with major environmental shifts since at
least 55 kya. Early cave artists recorded distinct morphological forms consistent with these replacement
events, around the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, B21–18 kya)