Detalles de la publicación.

Artículo

Año:2017
Autor(es):N. Robinson, C. Figgener, C. Gatto, E. Lazo-Wasem, F. Paladino, P. Tomillo, J. Zardus, T. Pinou
Título:Assessing potential limitations when characterising the epibiota of marine megafauna: Effect of gender, sampling location, and inter-annual variation on the epibiont communities of olive ridley sea turtles
Revista:JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY
ISSN:0022-0981
JCR Impact Factor:1.937
Volumen:497
Páginas:71-77
D.O.I.:10.1016/j.jembe.2017.09.012
Web:https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2017.09.012
Resumen:© 2017 Elsevier B.V. The epibionts of marine megafauna can serve as valuable indicators of the host's health or behaviour; however, only a few studies have attempted to determine how and why epibiont communities vary between host individuals, populations, or even species. Further complicating efforts to compare epibiont communities of marine megafaunas is that measures of epibiont abundance and diversity may be influenced by the sampling methods and timing of the assessment. Here, we examined how host gender, geographic location, and sampling year affect measures of epibiont community structure in olive ridley sea turtles, Lepidochelys olivacea, in the East Pacific Ocean. To achieve this, we identified, enumerated, and then statistically compared the epibiont communities of (1) nesting female turtles sampled over different nesting seasons, (2) female turtles sampled on nesting beaches and at sea, and (3) female and male turtles, both sampled at sea. We did not discover statistically significant differences between the epibiont communities of nesting female turtles sampled on different years nor between females sampled on nesting beaches and at sea. However, we did observe a statistically significant difference between the epibiont communities of female and male turtles. Thus, we conclude that while sampling epibionts from nesting sea turtles may be an accurately and more logistically straight-forward method than sampling turtle at sea, it should not be assumed that epibiont communities of male and female hosts are identical. We also suggest that knowledge of the factors that drive intra-specific variation in the epibiont communities of marine megafauna, be it biological or methodological factors, is necessary before broader-scale meta-analyses are made to determine spatial and temporal patterns in the distribution of epibiont communities worldwide.

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