Publication details.

Paper

Year:2018
Author(s):C. Galbán-Malagón, G. Hernán, E. Abad, J. Dachs
Title:Persistent organic pollutants in krill from the Bellingshausen, South Scotia, and Weddell Seas
Journal:SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
ISSN:0048-9697
JCR Impact Factor:5.589
Volume:610-611
Pages:1487-1495
D.O.I.:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.08.108
Web:https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.08.108
Abstract:© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) reach Antarctica through atmospheric transport, oceanic currents, and to minor extent, by migratory animals. The Southern Ocean is a net sink for many POPs, with a key contribution of the settling fluxes of POPs bound to organic matter (biological pump). However, little is known about POP transfer through the food web in the Southern Ocean and Antarctic waters, where krill is an important ecological node. In this study, we assessed the occurrence of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PCDD/Fs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) from the Bellingshausen, South Scotia and Weddell Seas around the Antarctic Peninsula. The concentrations of PCDD/Fs, PBDEs and PCBs in krill showed a large variability and the average were higher (generally within a factor 3) than those previously reported for eastern Antarctica. This result highlights regional differences related to atmospheric transport and deposition, and also probable regional sources due to human activities. Bioaccumulation and biomagnification factors for PCBs in krill were estimated using previously reported phytoplankton and seawater concentrations for this region. These suggested a near water-krill equilibrium for PCBs, which was not observed for water-phytoplankton partitioning. The estimated removal settling fluxes of PCBs due to the biological pump were several orders of magnitude higher than the estimated fluxes of PCBs transferred from phytoplankton to krill.

Related departments

  • Marine Ecology
  • Related research groups

  • Marine Ecosystems Dynamics