Detalles de la publicación.

Artículo

Año:2018
Autor(es):A. Alvarez
Título:A numerical analysis of the performance of unpumped SBE 41 sensors at low flushing rates
Revista:DEEP-SEA RESEARCH PART I-OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH PAPERS
ISSN:0967-0637
Volumen:135
Número:1
Páginas:46-55
D.O.I.:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2018.03.012
Web:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0967063717302005
Resumen:

The thermal and hydrodynamic response of a Sea-Bird unpumped CTD SBE 41, is numerically modeled to assess the biases occurring at the slow flushing rates typical of glider operations. Based on symmetry considerations, the sensor response is approximated by coupling the incompressible Navier-Stokes and the thermal advection-diffusion equations in two dimensions. Numerical results illustrate three regimes in the thermal response of the SBE 41 sensor, when crossing water layers with different thermal signatures. A linear decay in time of the bulk temperature of the conductivity cell is initially found. This is induced by the transit of the inflow through the conductivity cell in the form of a relatively narrow jet. Water masses with new thermal signatures do not immediately fill the sensor chambers, where the cross-section widens. Thermal equilibrium of these water masses is then achieved, in a second regime, via a cross-flow thermal diffusion between the boundary of the jet and the walls. Consequently, the evolution of the bulk temperature scales with the square root of time. In a third regime, the evolution of the bulk temperature depends on the thermal gradient between the fluid and the coating material. This results on an exponential decay of the bulk temperature with time. A comprehensive analytical model of the time evolution of the bulk temperature inside a cell is proposed based on these results.

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