Publication details.


Author(s):M. Lopez-Radcenco, A. Pascual, L. Gomez-Navarro, A. Aissa-El-Bey, B. Chapron, R. Fablet
Title:Analog Data Assimilation of Along-Track Nadir and Wide-Swath SWOT Altimetry Observations in the Western Mediterranean Sea
Journal:IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
Abstract:The growing availability of ocean data brought forth by recent advancements in remote sensing, in situ measurements, and numerical models supports the development of data-driven strategies as a powerful, computationally efficient alternative to model-based approaches for the interpolation of high-resolution, gap-free, regularly gridded sea surface geophysical fields from partial satellite-derived observations. In this paper, we investigate such data-driven strategies for the spatio-temporal interpolation of sea level anomaly (SLA) fields in the Western Mediterranean Sea from satellite-derived altimetry data. We introduce and evaluate the analog data assimilation (AnDA) framework, which exploits patch-based analog forecasting operators within a classic Kalman-based data assimilation scheme. With a view toward the upcoming wide-swath surface water and ocean topography (SWOT) mission, two different types of altimetry data are assimilated: along-track nadir data and wide-swath SWOT altimetry data. Using an observing system simulation experiment, we demonstrate the relevance of AnDA as an improved interpolation method, particularly for mesoscale features in the 20- to 100-km horizontal scale range. Results report an SLA reconstruction RMSE (correlation) improvement of 42% (14%) with respect to optimal interpolation, and show a clear gain when the joint assimilation of SWOT and along-track nadir observations are considered.

Related staff

  • Ananda Pascual Ascaso
  • Laura Gomez Navarro
  • Related departments

  • Oceanography and Global Change
  • Related research groups

  • Global Change Research
  • Marine Technologies, Operational and Coastal Oceanography