|Author(s):||S. Tenan, A. Rotger Vallespir, J.M. Igual, Ó. Moya, A. Royle, G. Tavecchia, |
|Title:||Population abundance, size structure and sex-ratio in an insular lizard|
|JCR Impact Factor:||2.326|
Estimating population size and understanding its variation is a fundamental, yet complicated, aim of many ecological studies. We considered the problem of estimating spring and autumn population abundance, size-dependent population structure and sex-ratio of the endemic Balearic Lizard, Podarcis lilfordi from a three occasions capture-recapture study. We used a Bayesian formulation of individual covariate models to incorporate individual sex, size and trap-response. We first considered a set of simulated data with a medium-to-low probability of recapture and individual recapture heterogeneity to evaluate potential problems in model fitting and selection. Results from simulated data indicated a low performance in parameter estimation and model selection when probability of detection was low (0.15–0.30). We found a negative permanent trap response and a positive effect of size on detection probability in the spring survey but not in the autumn one. The estimated mean densities varied from about 800 to 1000 lizards ha−1, a high value when comparing with mainland lizard populations. The observed increase in abundance was probably due to a drop in territorial behaviour and the immigration of females into the area sampled. As a consequence, sex-ratio changed from nearly even in June (mean posterior, 95%CRI; 0.928, 0.676–1.167) to a female-skewed population in October (0.612, 0.478–0.772).
Related staffGiacomo TavecchiaJose Manuel Igual Gómez
Related departmentsField Ecology