Publication details.


Author(s):A. Valenzuela, J.A. Alcover
Title:Documenting Introductions: The Earliest Evidence for the Presence of Dog (Canis familiaris Linnaeus 1758) in the Prehistory of the Balearic Islands
Journal:Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology
Issue No.:3
Abstract:We emphasize the importance of adopting a restrictive reading of the
validity and reliability of the faunal record with respect to past animal
introductions. As a case study, we analyze the earliest evidence for dogs
in the early prehistory of the Balearic Islands. This research is based on
directAMS14C dates from selected dog bones obtained in archaeological
contexts. These dates, together with a conservative interpretation of the
archaeological evidence, allow us to document the historical biogeography
of dogs in Balearic prehistory. On Mallorca, the earliest evidence
for the presence of dogs falls ca. 2000 cal BC. In contrast, on Menorca
and the Pityusic Islands, their presence in the early prehistory (i.e., prior
to 2000 cal BC) remains to be demonstrated. These data illustrate the
importance of direct AMS 14C dating of animal bones and careful analysis
of archaeological context to document the chronology of animal
introductions on islands and beyond.

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