Publication details.


Author(s):M. Marcos, P. Woodworth
Title:Spatiotemporal changes in extreme sea levels along the coasts of the North Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico
Journal:Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans
JCR Impact Factor:2.711
Issue No.:9
Abstract:© 2017. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Extreme sea levels along the densely monitored coasts of the North Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico have been investigated using high-frequency tide gauge measurements in the GESLA-2 data set ( Our results, based on nontidal residuals and skew surges in records since 1960, confirm that mean sea level (MSL) is a major, but not a unique, driver of extremes. Regionally coherent linear trends and correlations with large-scale climate patterns are found in extreme events, even after the removal of MSL. A similar conclusion, that MSL is a major but not the only driver of extremes, comes from a small number of long records starting in the mid-19th century. The records show slight increases in the intensity of extreme episodes at centennial time scales, together with multidecadal variability unrelated to MSL. Objective statistical criteria have been used to investigate whether extreme sea level distributions are stationary or not, resulting in nonstationarity being favored in many records, with or without accounting for changes in MSL. Extremes have been found to favor a non-Gumbel behavior at many locations, with implications for the accuracy of return levels for coastal engineering.

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  • Marta Marcos Moreno