Detalles de la publicación.

Artículo

Año:2020
Autor(es):R. Munoz, H. Teeling, R. Amann, R. Rosselló-Móra
Título:Ancestry and adaptive radiation of Bacteroidetes as assessed by comparative genomics
Revista:SYSTEMATIC AND APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY
ISSN:0723-2020
JCR Impact Factor:4.022
Volumen:43
Número:2
Páginas:126065
D.O.I.:10.1016/j.syapm.2020.126065
Web:https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.syapm.2020.126065
Resumen:© 2020 Elsevier GmbHTo date, the phylum Bacteroidetes comprises more than 1,500 described species with diverse ecological roles. However, there is little understanding of archetypal Bacteroidetes traits at a genomic level. In this study, a representative set of 89 Bacteroidetes genomes was compiled, and pairwise reciprocal best-match gene comparisons and gene syntenies were used to identify common traits that allowed Bacteroidetes evolution and adaptive radiation to be traced. The type IX secretion system (T9SS) was highly conserved among all studied Bacteroidetes. Class-level comparisons furthermore suggested that the ACIII-caa3COX super-complex evolved in the ancestral aerobic bacteroidetal lineage, and was secondarily lost in extant anaerobic Bacteroidetes. Another Bacteroidetes-specific respiratory chain adaptation was the sodium-pumping Nqr complex I that replaced the ancestral proton-pumping complex I in marine species. T9SS plays a role in gliding motility and the acquisition of complex macro-molecular organic compounds, and the ACIII-caa3COX super-complex allows effective control of electron flux during respiration. This combination likely provided ancestral Bacteroidetes with a decisive competitive advantage to effectively scavenge, uptake and degrade complex organic molecules, and therefore has played a pivotal role in the successful adaptive radiation of the phylum.

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