Publication details.

Paper

Year:2020
Author(s):A. Amores, M. Marcos
Title:Ocean swells along the global coastlines and their climate projections for the twenty-first century
Journal:JOURNAL OF CLIMATE
ISSN:0894-8755
Volume:33
Issue No.:1
Pages:185-199
D.O.I.:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0216.1
Web:https://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0216.1
Abstract:© 2019 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).Remotely generated swell waves are the dominant contributor of the coastal wind-wave climate along most of the world coastlines. In this work we describe the characteristics of swells from a coastal perspective. We identify the main regions of formation of swell waves at present and during the late twenty-first century under the RCP8.5 emissions/climate change scenario. We have applied an algorithm that allows one to unequivocally differentiate the swell component from the local wind-waves for a global wave hindcast and for eight CMIP5 state-of-the-art wave model climate projections. We have identified four different regions of swell formation, two in each hemisphere, with the Southern Ocean being by far the main region of swell generation. By the end of this century, the number of swell events generated in the Northern Hemisphere is expected to decrease while the opposite is projected to occur in the Southern Hemisphere. The increase in the Southern Hemisphere is directly associated with a poleward movement and intensification of the wind belts projected by atmospheric climate models.

Related staff

  • Marta Marcos Moreno
  • Ángel Miguel Amores Maimó
  • Related departments

  • Oceanography and Global Change
  • Related research groups

  • Marine Technologies, Operational and Coastal Oceanography